JUDICIAL BRANCH

 

Judiciary Act of 1789 

    Established Federal Courts
    Divided Country into Circuits
        we now have more circuits than we did because we have more states

    Provided for Chief Justice and five Associate Justices for Supreme Court         

We now have a Chief and 8 Associate Justices (since 1869)

Structure - a hierarchy

    Under the Supreme Court are 

        Appellate Courts that hear appeals from 

            Lower Courts

US Supreme Court Justices
    Appointed by the President
    Approved by the Senate
    Appointed for life

PA judicial system mirrors the federal structure - a hierarch with over 1000 judges

ALL OF THEM ARE ELECTED, NOT APPOINTED - WE GET TO CHOOSE THEM

 

What do we need to do?

Unless you prefer to have someone else choose the judges who make decisions about your local issues and our state issues, vote in all elections - the judges are chosen in the ‘small’ elections that most everyone ignores. Is it important? YES!

 

EXECUTIVE BRANCH

Branch of government responsible for enforcing laws

 

President of the United States (POTUS)

    Qualifications stated in the Constitution
        Natural-born citizen
        At least 35 years old
        Resided in USA for 14 years

    Unwritten Qualifications

    Term Limit - 22nd AMENDMENT
        Four-year Term

        Two-term Limit
        Ten-year limit

Vice-President

    Preside over Senate
    Decide question of Presidential disability
    Acting President as needed
    Hand picked to balance ticket

Cabinet: advisors to the President - each confirmed by a specific Senate Committee